In Brazil, you can easily find the exotic and wild animals in various places, especially an area of interest is hunting. These days, hunting clubs say that the number of people getting the license to hunt is about 4 million. This number is also confirmed by other entities that specialize in hunting.
This article will provide you with information about hunting in Brazil. Additionally, you also know more about the rights and fines when hunting in this country.
Is It Legal to Hunt in Brazil?
Hunting has not been a legal activity since 1967 in Brazil. All species of animals at any development stage or even living creatures outside the captivity belong to the state property.
It means that all types of pursuing, using, hunting, destructing, or harvesting without consent from the government are banned. Hunting wild animals are considered illegal at the level of federation. However, it probably is permitted at the level of the state, but for sporting purposes.
Accordingly, apart from professional hunting, as long as the government conducts preliminary studies associating:
- The species population is in extinction
- The viability of the activity
- Analysis of the impact on environment and monitoring or enforcement of activities
The commercialization of objects or products relating to the hunt, harvest, and destruction of wild animals is prohibited as well.
Does Hunting in Brazil Need A License?
In order to hunt legally, each person has to get an annual license. This license is particular to a limited geographic zone. For example, if hunter plans to use a .308 hunting rifle, he has to get ownership rights from the Federal Police for the firearm.
Furthermore, the hunter also needs to be the Hunt Club’s member. Likewise, scientists who want to collect material for studying purposes will be granted special hunting licenses. The Supervisory Board of Artistic and Scientific Expeditions in Brazil along with IBAMA will issue this license.
Occasions When Valid
The only state that recently allowed sport hunting is the State of Rio Grande do Sul in 1996 and 2005. However, hunting is limited to some types of ducks and geese. These activities were legal until 2008, they were completely banned.
But in 2013, IBAMA allowed hunting of European wild boars for the purpose of quantity control. In addition, wild boar is not only a very aggressive invasive species but also a pathogen and no natural predator. Therefore, to protect the people here, hunting these animals is legal.
In addition, if the purpose is to collect materials for scientific purposes, scientists can also apply for a special hunting license. Besides, in order to maintain the lifestyle of indigenous tribes in Brazil, hunting can be done. If hunting for a specific purpose, this will gain acceptance.
Despite the ban, violating the penalties for hunting in Brazil is not very serious. Hunters are escorted to the nearest area to sign an agreement to attend the hearing.
Usually, an agreement is made with the prosecutor where the hunter is instead imprisoned, agrees to donate food or perform community services. When a hunter is arrested twice over a period of five years, there is a specific penalties for them.
They have to pay administrative fines to the State Environment Secretariat and imprisonment from six months to a year. If the hunted species is threatened, this sentence can be increased by up to 50% of the detention time and the value of the fine. Therefore, obey the laws so as not to face heavy penalties.
In Brazil, there were clear rules on prohibiting hunting, but according to the laws of 1967 that are still in force today, in order to gain a sense of solidarity arising from hunting, the government is responsible for the establishment and operation of amateur clubs and societies to accomplish this.
Moreover, for economic and industrial purposes, the government will stimulate the construction of animal husbandry areas to raise wildlife. However, there are many shops that specialize in hunting and guns for hunting in Brazil despite the ban on amateur or sports hunting.
Hunting in Brazil is illegal, but it still occurs throughout this country. Therefore, the government adopts many severe penalties including fines or prison sentences.